Pre-School and Kindergarten Skills

Blog Images

Pre-School and Kindergarten Skills

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Sagittis vitae et leo duis ut diam quam nulla. At risus viverra adipiscing at in. Quis lectus nulla at volutpat diam ut venenatis. In hendrerit gravida rutrum quisque non tellus orci. Non curabitur gravida arcu ac tortor. Integer enim neque volutpat ac tincidunt vitae. Mattis rhoncus urna neque viverra justo nec ultrices. Arcu cursus vitae congue mauris rhoncus. Ac orci phasellus egestas tellus rutrum tellus pellentesque eu tincidunt

Kids start going to Schools from varying ages - as early as 2 years to Pre-School or sometimes at 4 years to Lower KG. They typically reach First Grade at 6 years. What they learn in these early years (2-6) are not hard-governed by any curriculum.

Various studies suggest that this is a critical age for learning, where they learn fast, in a fun way, without any stress of learning. Scientific researchers claim that human brain develops 85% in this age.

Let us take a look at what they typically learn in the early years:

  • Concepts: They get introduced to a lot of concepts like Shapes, Colours etc (more below). These lessons are mainly pictorial and tactile wherever possible. Audio Visual tools also come very handy at this stage. See Concept Learning Modules from Purploon.
  • Numbers: Children get to learn the idea of numbers - Counting objects, Numbers in Sequence and Digit Recognition. They are usually taught in two stages, first 1-9 and then 10-20
  • Listening: They listen to what you speak. Rhymes and Stories add a lot of value here. Concentration, Observation and Listening Comprehension are the key skills they acquire when adequately exposed to story telling. You can read more in this article - Kids Early Listening Skills
  • Speaking: Children are great listeners, and so they start speaking on their own, without being taught. You will be surprised at how quickly and easily they pick a new language. We just have to ensure that, when they listen to a language, it is spoken in the right way.
  • Reading: Kindergarten is where they learn alphabets, starts with Sounds (Phonics), recognizes some Sight Words and sometimes starts reading short sentences.
  • Writing: Children start with Pre-Writing Skills like standing lines, tracing shapes, curves etc. They do a lot of colouring, connecting dots and maze-kind puzzles. These exercises help to develop Fine Motor Skills (Hand Eye Co-ordination). Then they get on to lower case letters and small words.

Various Concepts, which children gets introduced to in Pre-KG/KG:

  • Colours, Shapes
  • Fruits, Vegetables
  • Birds, Animals
  • Weather, Nature
  • Music, Sounds
  • Human Body Parts, Emotions - Sad & Happy
  • Sun, Moon and Stars
  • Good Habits, Healthy Food, Hygiene
  • Modes of Transport, Community/Professions
  • Events of a Day from Morning to Evening, Sunrise & Sunset, Day & Night
  • Sings Monday to Sunday, Jan to Dec

Don’t be surprised by the long list! Children observe and learn whatever they come across. You have to just ensure they are exposed to the right things. Let them just learn and relate things when it is all fun (but not yet the methodical learning).